All of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you will find a little selection, nonetheless, that seem to bear no reference to their elementвЂ™s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names a couple of days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right hereвЂ™s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with reasons for them.
Sodium вЂ“ Natrium (Na)
SodiumвЂ™s Latin name, вЂnatriumвЂ™, derives through the Greek вЂnГtronвЂ™ (a true title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work вЂnatrunвЂ™ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium as opposed to salt, plus itвЂ™s this title that its chemical expression, Na, arises from.
Potassium вЂ“ Kalium (K)
вЂKaliumвЂ™ is potassiumвЂ™s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic вЂal qal Д« yвЂ™, meaning вЂњcalcined ashesвЂќ (the ashes left whenever plant material is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.
Iron вЂ“ Ferrum (Fe)
IronвЂ™s Latin title, вЂferrumвЂ™, offers it its icon Fe; it simply means вЂironвЂswordвЂ™ orвЂ™, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well fuckbook hookup known by an array of different names in numerous languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. ThereвЂ™s an inventory of 213 of these right right right here.
Copper вЂ“ Cuprum (Cu)
ThereвЂ™s no shortage of elements called after places, but copperвЂ™s title is more subdued than many. CopperвЂ™s Latin title had been вЂcypriumвЂ™, which it self originates from вЂkyprosвЂ™, the Greek title for Cyprus. The island of Cyprus had been famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The name had been sooner or later simplified to вЂcuprumвЂ™, and also this sooner or later morphed in to the English variation, copper.
Silver вЂ“ Argentum (Ag)
The Latin title for silver, вЂargentumвЂ™, is thought to derive initially from A indo-european language, most most likely referring to your metalвЂ™s shininess. The nation Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the RГo de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.
Tin вЂ“ Stannum (Sn)
TinвЂ™s Latin title, вЂstannumвЂ™, could be produced from the Indo-European вЂstagвЂ™ (dripping) because tin melts at the lowest heat. ThereвЂ™s also speculation maybe it’s produced by the Cornish вЂsteanвЂ™ because of CornwallвЂ™s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply produced by the Latin.
Antimony вЂ“ Stibium (Sb)
The Latin вЂstibiumвЂ™ derives through the Greek word вЂstГbiвЂ™, meaning attention paint, talking about the usage of antimony substances as an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.
Tungsten Wolfram that is)
Wolfram was known as following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. That is from the German вЂwolf rahmвЂ™, or вЂwolfвЂ™s foamвЂ™, discussing the actual quantity of tin вЂeatenвЂ™ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock вЂ“ notably apt, since itвЂ™s the 7th element that is densest into the regular dining table.
Silver вЂ“ Aurum (Au)
The Latin title for gold had been вЂaurumвЂ™, meaning вЂyellowвЂ™, derived through the word вЂauroraвЂ™ (вЂdawnвЂ™). The name вЂgoldвЂ™, used in Germanic languages, means вЂyellow, shining metalвЂ™; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.
Mercury вЂ“ Hydrargyrum (Hg)
MercuryвЂ™s initial Latin title was actually вЂargentum vivumвЂ™ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek вЂhydrargyrosвЂ™ (fluid silver) to provide вЂhydrargyrumвЂ™. The English that is original name the element ended up being вЂquicksilverвЂ™. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but MercuryвЂ™s is alone thatвЂ™s stuck.
Lead вЂ“ Plumbum
LeadвЂ™s Latin title, вЂplumbumвЂ™, most most most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the origin associated with the English words вЂplumbingвЂ™ and вЂplumberвЂ™, as a result of historic usage of lead in water pipelines.
References & Further Reading