Element Oddities: 11 Chemical Symbols that is confusing Explained

All of the chemical symbols for elements within the table that is periodic sense; you will find a little selection, nonetheless, that seem to bear no reference to their element’s title. Following the regular dining table of refused element names a couple of days ago, questions regarding these elements arrived up, so right here’s a review of their confusing symbols, combined with reasons for them.

Sodium – Natrium (Na)

Sodium’s Latin name, ‘natrium’, derives through the Greek ‘nítron’ (a true title for salt carbonate). Its initial supply will be the work ‘natrun’ that is arabic. Lots of contemporary languages nevertheless call the element natrium as opposed to salt, plus it’s this title that its chemical expression, Na, arises from.

Potassium – Kalium (K)

‘Kalium’ is potassium’s Latin name, and derives from the Arabic ‘al qal ī y’, meaning “calcined ashes” (the ashes left whenever plant material is burned). A number of modern languages still refer to potassium as kalium, and the name lends the element its chemical symbol, K as with sodium.

Iron – Ferrum (Fe)

Iron’s Latin title, ‘ferrum’, offers it its icon Fe; it simply means ‘iron‘sword’ or’, and it is possibly of Semitic origin. The element is well fuckbook hookup known by an array of different names in numerous languages, with a few sources suggesting there are over 200 names that are different it. There’s an inventory of 213 of these right right right here.

Copper – Cuprum (Cu)

There’s no shortage of elements called after places, but copper’s title is more subdued than many. Copper’s Latin title had been ‘cyprium’, which it self originates from ‘kypros’, the Greek title for Cyprus. The island of Cyprus had been famous hundreds of years ago for the copper reserves. The name had been sooner or later simplified to ‘cuprum’, and also this sooner or later morphed in to the English variation, copper.

Silver – Argentum (Ag)

The Latin title for silver, ‘argentum’, is thought to derive initially from A indo-european language, most most likely referring to your metal’s shininess. The nation Argentina is known as after silver (albeit indirectly as mention of the Río de la Plata) and it is the country that is only be known as after a chemical element, as opposed to the other means around.

Tin – Stannum (Sn)

Tin’s Latin title, ‘stannum’, could be produced from the Indo-European ‘stag’ (dripping) because tin melts at the lowest heat. There’s also speculation maybe it’s produced by the Cornish ‘stean’ because of Cornwall’s famous tin mines, though likewise, other people declare that this term is simply produced by the Latin.

Antimony – Stibium (Sb)

The Latin ‘stibium’ derives through the Greek word ‘stíbi’, meaning attention paint, talking about the usage of antimony substances as an eye cosmetic that is ancient. This term is in turn likely based on Arabic or Egyptian. Few nations relate to antimony as stibium today, despite its expression.

Tungsten Wolfram that is)

Wolfram was known as following the mineral it had been present in, wolframite. That is from the German ‘wolf rahm’, or ‘wolf’s foam’, discussing the actual quantity of tin ‘eaten’ because of the steel during its removal. Wolfram continues to be utilized in a few languages. Tungsten is from Swedish, and means hefty rock – notably apt, since it’s the 7th element that is densest into the regular dining table.

Silver – Aurum (Au)

The Latin title for gold had been ‘aurum’, meaning ‘yellow’, derived through the word ‘aurora’ (‘dawn’). The name ‘gold’, used in Germanic languages, means ‘yellow, shining metal’; a number of other European languages utilize derivatives of aurum.

Mercury – Hydrargyrum (Hg)

Mercury’s initial Latin title was actually ‘argentum vivum’ (living silver), but Latin later borrowed through the Greek ‘hydrargyros’ (fluid silver) to provide ‘hydrargyrum’. The English that is original name the element ended up being ‘quicksilver’. Alchemists considered that it is near to silver, and due to this they called it Mercury, following the earth closest to your Sun. A few of the other metals understood since antiquity received names corresponding towards the planets, too, but Mercury’s is alone that’s stuck.

Lead – Plumbum

Lead’s Latin title, ‘plumbum’, most most most likely originally derives from a language Ancient that is pre-dating Greek. This Latin name normally the origin associated with the English words ‘plumbing’ and ‘plumber’, as a result of historic usage of lead in water pipelines.

References & Further Reading